Posted by John DeFazio on October 17, 2002 at 07:27:29:
In Reply to: Re: deconstruction posted by Paul Malo on October 16, 2002 at 05:16:44:
A philosophical movement and theory of literary criticism that questions traditional assumptions about certainty, identity, and truth; asserts that words can only refer to other words; and attempts to demonstrate how statements about any text subvert their own meanings: “In deconstruction, the critic claims there is no meaning to be found in the actual text, but only in the various, often mutually irreconcilable, ‘virtual texts’ constructed by readers in their search for meaning” (Rebecca Goldstein).
Paul again is once again right.
Deconstruction is a movement in literary criticism... and literature is an art form. Jacques Derrida, the French philosopher is been the epicenter of this movement for the past twenty years. It is a Poststructuralist movement. Poststructuralism was a form of literary analysis in which it was thought that to understand the meaning, and significance of the "text" ( written work or work of art) on must understand where the author (artist) is “coming from”… their life history, their influences, their previous works. This would be in contrast with only analyzing the autonomous “work”, that is finding meaning only within the work ; this is Structuralism.(With me so far?) Structuralism is built upon the analysis of language and symbol systems (Semiotics). It was a search for what could be concrete in criticism, objective and not subjective.
Deconstructionist Philosophy, (and in the end these are philosophical movements because they deal with Aesthetics, a branch of Philosophy), questions our ability to ever know the complete meaning of any work… only approximations (virtual texts). In deconstruction the critic (the viewer) is constructing the meaning through his or her annalist… where are they “come from”? Derrida puts us on a slippery slope of meaning in a Relavetivist universe.
I disagree with Paul that is has nothing to do with Architecture. (Paul can be dismissive sometimes, but that’s part of the reason we love him so… you always know where he stands).
Structuralism used Architecture as metaphor for how a “text” is constructed… and it meaning.
Derrida used the reversed the metaphor in taking the (text) work apart.
It is the transposing of this metaphor back into a “literal” work (building) that Eisenman enters the picture. Word play is a big part of Decon.
Decon in architecture hit the fan in 1980’s culminating in a big show at the Museum of Modern Art curated by Terrance Riley and you guessed it Philip Johnson.
It still very much alive today in the work of Libeskind, Tschumi, Haadid, and of course Mr. Eisenman, (although all of them would say they have moved way beyond those heady days of the mid 80’s.) The Holocaust Museum in Berlin will be seen as a high water mark for the Movement.
Gehry of course was lumped in with this group, which I believe was another misappropriation.. but that’s another story.
Everytime you see an askew angle in a plan or elevation, you’re seeing an echo of Decon.
Deconstruction is a movement in literary criticism... and literature is an art form. Jacques Derrida, the french philospher is been the epicenter of this movement for the past twenty years. It is a Post-Structuralist movement. Structuralism was a form of literary anylisist in which it was thought that to understand the "text" (
I disagree with Paul that is has nothing to do with Architecture
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