Posted by e-) on May 05, 2003 at 11:42:53:
In Reply to: Taj Mahal - The architectural marvel posted by Neel on May 02, 2003 at 10:02:56:
reference p. 47 - 53 in Clevenots & DeGeorges Splendors of Islamic Architecture.
Overall the Taj Mahal is the visual focus in
its position as the center of a large funerary complex that included other buildings (caravansaray, bazaar, mosque and guesthouse) that are clad in contrasting red sandstone. It is a brick building clad in Makrama marble. It combines a synthesis of styles based on Persian, Central Asian and Hindu models. Mughal architecture descended from line fo rulers from Timberlane who conquered India after leaving Kabul. Pinnacle of 300 years of rule.
Ornament is a bit different as style evolced than other Mughal funerary - monumental architecture. They built these immense structures that are visual solids that appear hollowed out which is typical of some Hindu architecture. The Persian model of a chabar hadg or series of related gardens are the overall setting. Volume, proportion of spaces and geometry is complex and developed. Find the book listed and read the desctipriton of you can find a copy.
Use of marble cladding replaced use of sandstone and use of inlaid precious stones (piedra dura) replace use of carved ornament in the influencing styles at the height of Mughal architeucture. Use of amber, lapis, carnelian, agate, nephrite, onyx and coral are part fo the inventory of inlaid materials. The use of naturalistic floral motifs were non-Persian and are considered to have some western - European influence. Jesuits were in the Mughal courts in the 17th century with copies of herbaria plates. On the inlay work are butterflies and insects on plants on mounds in addition to that of more stylized sprays typical of Persian ornament.
Distictly Islamic, a tribute to a second loved wife and a earthly representation of the gardens of paradise.
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