Posted by Richard Haut on December 16, 2003 at 14:42:29:
In Reply to: Industry and Urban planning posted by James Clark on December 16, 2003 at 13:17:59:
interesting that you include Hampstead Heath - it is a very early example (1870's) of locals succeeding over the power of money (there was of course pressure to build on any bit of land available).
try to see John Betjeman's film "Metroland" on the developments around the surburban railways.
also you might like to consider the good and the bad, in terms of the late 19th. Century - the railways involved mass displacement of residents. They were normally tenenats who got no compensation, and the arguments about money were between the landowners and the railway companies - therefore ignoring the real locals who were simply kicked out. This also resulted in some railway (and road) developments skirting around the big private estates for two reasons: firstly of course because the landowners would argue for high compensation and, secondly, the fringe areas were often the ones with the poorest housing (e.g. the rookeries of Farringdon/Holborn).
But this is a one-sided view, because at the same time there were immense improvements in sewerage, water, street conditions and lighting.
I would have thought that the problem would be too much information on this fascinating subject. (Try asking London Undergound themselves, the relevant local authorities, RIBA Library and the Victorian Society).
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