Posted by Verve on March 08, 2002 at 10:26:58:
In Reply to: bluchistan..? posted by monday on March 08, 2002 at 08:50:48:
"The Baluchis in concert with Brahuis leapt forward not only to build their kingdom in Baluchistan but also migrated eastward and northward. Apart from these political shape of the country, there was an unparalleled development in art and architecture, literature and music, and particularly new social integration took place on the basis of the patronage of local languages, such as Baluchi, Sindhi, Panjabi, Pashto, Kashmiri, Shina and Burushaski. All these languages received literary form with the support of the Muslims rulers and the first time their literatures began to take shape. They received influence from Arabic and Persian and added many themes from the Folk-loresas wellas from those of Central Asia. Such an unusual developments transformed the society with the stories from Shahnama and Hazar Dastan and with the Folk-tales from Lila-Majnun, Sasi-Punnu and Hir-Ranjha."
Extract from History through the Centuries.
"Most of the houses are constructed with stone walls which are sometimes mud-plastered, although they are frequently left un-plastered. Wood, rubble and mud are used as roofing materials. These houses are usually single story with a basement and two or three rooms. In some houses the rooms are arranged opposite each other and in others they are organized in an L-shaped configuration. Even though individual families are growing with the passage of time, there are no significant transformation taking place in the houses. When a son in a family is married, a single-room house is constructed on another site, either next door to the parents or in the close vicinity. In such cases, the grandchildren tend to spend most of their time running in between the houses of their grandparents and their parents.
The inhabitants of Mariabad feel responsible for the maintenance and cleanliness of the streets, primarily because their lives are not contained inside their dwelling units. The streets in Mariabad enclose everyday activities of the inhabitants and women are the most active participants. They are either running after their children, walking to the neighboring houses for a visit or to the religious institutions of the Shiah Muslims, the Imam Baras, or visiting the neighborhood shops selling vegetables, freshly baked bread (nan), and other groceries.
For men, in general, the streets are paths that they have to traverse everyday to reach their workplaces. During the day, a curtain hangs between the entrance doorway of the house and the street. The stone platform crossing over the open drain is flushed with the street level. There is no difference in level between the threshold of the house and the street. This arrangement makes it possible for the space inside the house to flow easily and directly into the street. The rooms in these houses are not linked internally and can only be accessed from the courtyard. The open courtyard inside the house is used for domestic activities as well as entertaining guests. This spatial organization suggests does not disrupt the domestic activities taking place in the open courtyard as the residents of Mariabad tend to interact socially within their own close-knit community.
The use of neighborhood streets for everyday activities by children as well as women cannot be observed in any other residential settlement in Quetta. It is a situation unique to the community which has managed to transcribe its social boundaries onto the spatial organization of Mariabad. The Hazaras are a minority in Baluchistan, but they have created a settlement in which they exist as a self-sustained majority."
Extract from Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World, P. Oliver (ed.)
Cambridge University Press, 1997
Volume 2: Cultures and Habitats
Entry by: Samia Rab, Ph.D.
Seems really interesting, good luck with the Presentation.