Posted by Richard Haut on March 24, 2002 at 14:30:01:
In Reply to: study posted by pats on March 24, 2002 at 11:16:51:
to put it simply, there are only two types of war memorial: those that glorify a victory, and those that respect those that were lost.
the Roman-style victory arch is a celebration of pride or arrogance.
a memorial that is to remember is very well known, especially across Europe where there are literally tens of thousands - if not hundreds of thousands of them. In Britain the Cenotaph was built as a symbol of those lost and is used at the annual ceremony on Armistice Day each year for the laying of wreaths. However, so great were the losses in the 1914-1918 war that virtually every town and village and school in Britain had its own memorial. These listed the names of those killed.
The nature of a memorial depends on the power that follows the war, and the influence can be very strong. For example, in East Europe under the communists after World War II memorials of the Holocaust were to victims of Nazi aggression, not to individual types of people (Jews, Gypsies). In France, memorials to those killed by the Nazis usually say that they were the victims of the Nazis or the followers of Hitler- not that they were the victims of the Germans.
More recently there has been a move to changing the emphasis by designing peace memorials or peace parks.
The one fundamental needed to design a memorial is genuine respect.