Posted by amit on September 01, 2002 at 08:03:47:
hey people here is my thesis synopis.
i hope some one has some suggestions..
would like to here any for of suggestion or critisism.
will apreciate it. :)
OPEN SPACES IN URBAN CONTEXT
Land is the most important and basic natural resource, which includes in itself the soil, water and associated flora and fauna involving the eco-systems.
As the world population seems to grow apace, the changing needs of the human activities for agriculture, urban and industrial development pose mounting demand on limited land resources. The pressing demands facing the society is that of feeding and housing the people of the world. In order to tackle this problem land must be used wisely and wholly.
Land use is the result of a continuous feild of tension created between available resources and human needs and acted upon by human efforts. The form and function of land use is a human enterprise while the development of landscape is the continuous efforts of man for his needs and sustanence under every possible combination of vegetable and soil conditions.
Todays world of extensive building time taken for a task involves hurry and confusion which has exceeded sociological understanding. It is not mans fault but the society he has chosen to live in todays world seems to run on a time table that revolves around a thirteen hour schedule and the impact can be seen on a large scale; on the human settlement he seems to live in.
It should be noted that people do not inhabit a city for its structure but live in it for its beauty. This beauty however seems to have faded away with the demand for short time travel. It has been observed that people have begun to live closer to their place of work. The City has begun to contract towards work palce nodes.
The present day urban problem of Sprawl.
We are witnessing a dramatic and unprecedented transformation of our landscape. It is said that Urban development is consuming land at a rate of more than 340 acres an hour. More farms, forest, natural areas and open space have succumbed to urban development in the last fifty years than in all of it previous history.
Thanks to the convenience of the automobile, and massive federal road-building campaigns, many of the spatial constraints that formed the compact urban development of older communities have been removed. This freedom has allowed expansion across the landscape in a sprawling mass of subdivisions, strip malls, and industrial parks.
Not everyone agrees that sprawl is bad. But the bottom line is that sprawling development consumes the limited supply of land and that means less nature, less farmland, and less rural tranquility for all of us. With sprawl the future seems grim
What is an Open space?
Land and water in an urban area which is not covered by buiulding or cars or any other undeveloped land in an urban area which has value for park and recreation purposes, conservation of natural , or historic or scenic purpose is termed as an 'Open Space'.
A piece of land or water bopdy without any built structure, without any cover left over for a perticular usage for teh community can be considered as an 'Open Space'.
There are different types of open spaces as per useage like graveyards, wells,
barren land etc. Most of them are used for recreation and public parks. on the other hand there are spaces depending upon te size, which are small parcels of land often used as milk booths, vegetable stalls or as garbage dumps.
Therefore a generalized view of an open space would be any left over land, not used for any purpose and hence put to use for the benefit of the community. In many cases however, large pieses of land are left for the purpose of designing a recreation space. To design, lay out and equip an open space it is necessary to havee a basic understanding of some of teh main developmental aspects of the community and how these can be related to the provision of leisure environments. Creating playgrounds, community centers and green areas for the basic provision of open space with footpaths and other features leads the designer with two problems to solve. One involves the clearing and providing space withing the organically developed town while on the other hand teh concept of new towns or cities.
The Present State - The Need.
The idea of a city, as it was, has been lost. as rightfully put by Manfrendo Taufi, 'as the ruthless commercialization of the human environment'. Probably this is very evident, with more and more people moving towards their respective activity zones resulting in demand for land increasing (in that perticular area). Although the planner while designing that zone, would have taken into account the increase in population over a period of years, providing adjoining green spaces and recreation activity spaces. But this exceedingly high commercialzation causes the same residential-commercial space to, first engulf and then consume these spaces. Due to this the city looses out on aesthetical elements which give it beauty. Finally it is the same resident of that new dense settlement, who feels the very need for an open space.
While talking about engulfing a very good example comes to mind. tere was a proposal recently to make a badly maintained open space called the Banjara Park in to a housing settlement in teh year 1999. the residents of the adjoining areas who live in high vehicular pollution, and noise pollution who preented the latter from happening. These kind of descisions are difficult to understand. the fact that the planner is forced to make such infamous descisions due to demand for housing in that perticular area. It is a well known fact that in designing of office spaces location plays an important role. thus new office blocks have to be designed and the adjoining open space is eaten away.
The Main Idea- The Aim.
It is the road network that has more coverage and covers more volume in a city. Making an open space for a city, as per guidelines is a certain percentage of the total city area. on comparing the road and a seperate piece of land it would be more adantages to incorporate the open space concept in the road network thereby ensuring better quality of aesthetics and air.
"I hence propose to investigate the various issues involving road and open space in present day urban context and demonstarte that the two can be easily incorporated into one system."
To study open spaces, the use and advantages.
To study the behaviour of roadways, pollution, conjestion and propose an alternative.
To propose a design that incoporates the road with an open space and a meathod of incurring costs.
The Scope of the Project.
Nowhere is innovative vision more needed than today in the creation of urban open spaces. for it is axiomatic that are present day cities do not have any virgin forests. a rescerch carried out in the late 1970's it was discovered that 20% of the land in a city goes unallotted. That is we have 20% more land than the total area of the city. the question that comes to mind is, 'where is this land?" Among the newest attention are the streets which account for 20% to 30% of our space.
Open space does not need to be designed nor does it need to be allotted newly open space needs to be impovised. It is therefore necessary to alter the 'open space concept' such that it can incoporated in to the ever growing conglomeration of todays urbanization.
This approach is my proposal towards the problem in view that is .....
'Open Spaces in Urban Context'.