Message - Re: Brazilian Arqchitecture

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Posted by  Marcelo on August 11, 2003 at 08:21:15:

In Reply to:  Re: Brazilian Arqchitecture posted by Mahdi on August 04, 2003 at 03:29:54:

dear Mahdi,
brazilian old architecture was based on earth component. The famous Brasilia City planner, Lucio Costa, was the first brazilian architect to attempt the development of two old tecnics, which are among us till now (since XVIII century). The technics calls TAIPA DE MÃO, and TAIPA DE PILÃO. It´s very hard to translate terms, but I´ll try to do this. Let´s start with TAIPA THE MÃO. TAIPA was a kind of grid, made with bambu (I wish you know bambu).It´s a structural wall bambu and earth made, compressed by hand (hand=MÃO). After compressed the earth (mod)it was applied into the bambu grid. This was the first technical brazilian architecture solution, the conquerer used to built coletive houses (about 60 people), probably a heritage of brazilian indian coletive houses. The technical solution was very efficient, because the conquerers doesn´t need to carry on anything (wood, special tools). Everywhere was possible to stop and built a coletive house. This kind of architecture grow-up and is being used by very poor brazilian people who lives at the most poor region at Brazil, calls SERTÃO (a kind of desert, where there is no rain, I have this feeling you understand what it means...). I will write you about TAIPA DE PILÃO soon, if you don´t understand my english (it was very hard to explain popular architecture using another language), please reply anyway.
Arq Marcelo Pontes

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